The Catholic Church teaches that the first principle of
hermeneutics is the literal meaning of the text.
(Benedict XV, September 15, 1920)
As Jerome insisted,
all biblical interpretation rests
upon the literal sense
Divino Afflante Spiritus
(Pius XII, September 30, 1943)
... discern and define that sense of the biblical words which
is called literal ... so that the mind of the author may be
made clear.... the exegete must be
with the literal sense
of the Scriptures.