An example of the Church using the literal sense of a scripture
passage in order to understand what meaning we should get
from it is the 6th chapter of the Gospel according to John.
Literary Form of John 6:25-69:
Most scripture scholars today affirm that John's gospel is
historical in nature. Hence we believe that John strove to
preserve both the words and actions of Jesus. Unlike the
Synoptics, John wrote through the eyes of the faith of the
late Apostolic Church in light of the way that faith translated
into practice and worship.
Where John is clearly biographical, the literal meaning is
emphasized by linguistic psychology: multiple repetition of
the message in different words. Where literalness is intended,
intended meaning is reinforced by recording the reaction to
literal meaning by the hearers without the speaker's correction.