When and where
1179 in the Lateran Basilica
Crisis or controversy
Reorganization had to be faced; there was the ever-needed
pressure to reform; restraint of abuses.
More than 300 bishops,
Convened: Alexander III, Pope;
Ratified: Alexander III, Pope.
Decrees and resolutions
Decreed that papal elections required
two-thirds majority of cardinals at
Promulgated numerous disciplinary