When and where
1870 in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
Crisis or controversy
A return to life of the Catholic Church: needed a revival of
General restoration and restatement of the faith was needed;
Christian marriages and education needed safeguarding.
Convened: Pius IX, Pope;
Ratified: Pius IX, Pope.
Decrees and resolutions
Promulgated decrees on the Catholic
Faith and on the Church;
Condemned the Rationalists and
Defined the charism of infallibility.