When and where
1179 AD in the Lateran Basilica
Crisis or controversy
Reorganization had to be faced;
there was the ever-needed
pressure to reform; restraint
More than 300 bishops;
Convened: Alexander III, Pope;
Ratified: Alexander III, Pope.
Decrees and resolutions
Decreed that papal elections required
two-thirds majority of cardinals at
Promulgated numerous disciplinary canons.