Lutherís teaching: sanctification is separated from justification; in his
the Holy Spirit is not specified a role in
justification, only sanctification.
1 Corinthians 6:11
That is what some of you used to be; but now
you have had yourselves washed,
you were sanctified, you were
in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of
Churchís teaching: the Church has consistently understood and taught that
justification and sanctification are a single reality by which the
sinner is at once made righteous and in that righteousness
receives sanctifying grace the holy of the divine life itself.
Council of Trentís teaching:
This disposition, or preparation,
is followed by Justification itself, which is not remission of sins
merely, but also the sanctification and renewal of the inward man,
through the voluntary reception of the grace, and of the gifts,
whereby man of unjust becomes just, and of an enemy a friend,
that so he may be an heir according to hope of life everlasting.