From the 13th century to the 14th century:
baptism was effected both by total immersion and partial
immersion, and pouring became the custom in some places.
From the 15th and 16th centuries:
baptism was effected more frequently by pouring and immersion
From the 17th century on:
baptism by immersion was hardly used except in some
By the 19th century:
pouring almost universally prevailed, even among the
: as always, the Catholic Church insists on water for
baptism, but the manner of using the water is not a problem:
given circumstances and availability, Catholics can choose
the manner of water baptism.