Pope Innocent III (1198 - 1216)
taught that through the imposition of hands
on the head of the person being confirmed
the Holy Spirit is conferred in abundance
The Council of Lyons II (1274)
defined the seven sacraments ... and confirmation which is
conferred through the hands of the bishop ...
The Council of Trent (1545 - 1563)
condemned the errors of the Reformers about this sacrament.
The council fathers defined that confirmation is a true and
proper sacrament of the Church.