The Mass contains two parts: the liturgy of the Word and
the Liturgy of the Eucharist.
Liturgy of the Word
is a copy
the Jewish synagogue service
of the first century: readings from
Scripture followed by responses
from the congregation often from
the Book of Psalms.
Liturgy of the Eucharist
reenactment of the Last Supper
A celebrant does what Christ did:
take bread and wine and say the
same words Christ said and then
share the now consecrated
bread and wine with the congregation.
Ruins of the synagogue at Capernaum