Divino Afflante Spiritus
(Pius XII, September 30, 1943)
"... discern and define that sense of the biblical words which
is called literal ... so that the mind of the author may be made
clear. ... the exegete must be principally concerned with the
literal sense of the Scriptures."
(Benedict XV, September 15, 1920)
"As Jerome insisted, all biblical interpretation rests upon the
literal sense ... "
The definition of the literal sense:
The sense which the human
author directly intended and which his words convey.