Handing On Divine Revelation: Vatican Council II
Decree On Divine Revelation, Chapter 2
Sacred Scripture is the word of God
- ... God has seen to it that what He has revealed ...
- would abide perpetually in its full integrity
- and be handed on to all generations.
- ... Christ the Lord ... full revelation of ... God ...
- commissioned the apostles ...
- this commission was faithfully fulfilled ...
- by their oral preaching,
- by example, and
- by ordinances,
- ... (the apostles)
- handed on what they had received
- from the lips of Christ,
- from living with Him, and
- from what He did, or
- what they had learned through the prompting of the Holy Spirit.
- ... in order to keep the gospel forever whole and alive ...
- the apostles left bishops as their successors,
- handing over their own teaching role to them.
- This sacred tradition, therefore, and
- sacred Scripture of both the Old and New Testament
- are like a mirror in which the pilgrim Church on earth looks at God ...
- ... the apostolic preaching,
- which is expressed in a special way in the inspired books,
- was to be preserved by a continuous succession of preachers until the end of time.
- ... what was handed on by the apostles includes
- everything that contributes to
- the holiness of life, and
- the increase in faith of the People of God;
- so the Church
- in her teaching,
- life, and
- perpetuates and hands on to all generations
- all that she herself is,
- all that she believes.
- There is a growth in the understanding of
- the realities and
- the words
- which have been handed down ...
- through the contemplation and study made by believers ...
- through the intimate understanding of spiritual things ...
- through the preaching of those who have received through episcopal succession the sure gift of truth.
- Words of the holy Fathers witness to the living presence of this tradition;
- Through the same tradition the Church's full canon of the sacred books is known;
- and the sacred writing themselves are more profoundly understood and increasingly made known in her.
- ... there exists a close connection and communication between
- sacred tradition, and
- sacred Scripture ...
- both of them
- flowing from the same well spring ...
- merge into a unity and
- tend toward the same end.
sacred tradition hands on in its full purity God's word
- consigned to writing under the inspiration of the Spirit;
... it is not from sacred Scripture alone
- entrusted to the apostles by Christ.
Sacred tradition and sacred Scripture form one sacred deposit of the word of God.
- that the Church draws her certainty about everything which has been revealed.
By Paul Flanagan and Robert Schihl.
Catholic Biblical Apologetics, © Copyright 1985-1997, Paul Flanagan and Robert Schihl
Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture texts are taken from the New American Bible with Revised New Testament and Revised Psalms © 1991, 1986, 1970 Confraternity of Christian Doctrine, Washington, D.C. and are used by permission of the copyright owner. All Rights Reserved. No part of the New American Bible may be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the copyright owner.
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Last Updated: January 3, 1997